Blogging on JAMstack

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I decided to finally update the site to use JAMstack with continuous deployment using Netlify CMS, Netlify hosting & Github.

JAM: Javascript APIs Markup

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I already had a netlify cms config.yml setup from July 2019 based on the layout of the GraphQL & frontmatter but needed to setup react layouts for the preview pane in netlify cms.

Problems With CSS

I had a small problem with gatsby-plugin-netlify-cms which seemed to happen when adding styles to netlify cms.
I found importing sass caused postcss & purgecss to run twice doubling the built css & making netlify deploys fail.

error UNHANDLED EXCEPTION Callback was already called.

Looking in the code of gatsby-plugin-netlify-cms I found the cms tries to import a stylesheet from /admin/cms.css (even if none exist) so as a workaround I just copied the built css to static/admin/cms.css which fixed the styles in the cms preview pane.

Workaround Script

I ended up making a postbuild script which looks for the built css file & copies it to public/admin/cms.css.
I then added the script to build in package.json allowing it to automatically trigger on each deploy/build.

const css = fs.readdirSync(publicFolder).filter(fn => fn.endsWith('.css'))

if (css.length === 1) {
  console.log(`INFO: copying ${publicFolder + css[0]} to ${outFile}`)
  fs.copyFile(publicFolder + css[0], outFile, err => {
    if (err) throw err
    console.log(`${publicFolder + css[0]} was copied to ${outFile}`)
  })
} else {
  console.log(`ERROR: ${css.length} files found expected 1`)
  process.exit(1)
}

The full script can be found on github, it looks for files with the .css extension in the public/ folder & then if one is found copies it to public/admin/cms.css.

It uses nodejs core functions so has no extra dependencies & has checking to make sure public exists etc.

Font Caching

I also decided to setup browser caching for fonts in the netlify.toml config as fonts rarely change.

[[headers]]
    for = "/*.woff2"
    [headers.values]
        Cache-Control = "public, max-age=2592000"

The default for netlify hosting is to have no browser caching of anything.
There are various reasons for this (more information can be found on the netlify blog: Better Living Through Caching ).

Looking at the headers for a netlify site

HTTP/2 200
cache-control: public, max-age=0, must-revalidate
server: Netlify

With the config above you can see this changes on woff2 fonts.

HTTP/2 200
content-type: font/woff2
server: Netlify
cache-control: public,max-age=2592000

All scripts & configs mentioned in this article are available on github.

equk-gatsby